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Jennifer Brown

Jennifer  Brown Title: Professor Emeritus of History, University of Winnipeg Canada Research Chair (Tier 1), Aboriginal Peoples and Histories, 2004-2011 General Editor.
Email: jennifer@professorsbrown.com


Academic employment and service

1988-2011: Professor, Department of History, University of Winnipeg. (Associate Professor 1983-88.) Graduate supervision and committee service on MA and Ph.D. committees throughout period.

1996-2010: Director and publications editor, Centre for Rupert’s Land Studies at the University of Winnipeg

1998-2011: Adjunct professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Manitoba [for graduate thesis and dissertation service and consultation].

Awards and honours

2008.  Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Academy II (Social Sciences).

2004-2011. Canada Research Chair, Tier 1, Aboriginal Peoples in an Urban and Regional Context, University of Winnipeg.

2002. British Academy Visiting Professorship, Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology and Pitt Rivers Museum, University of Oxford

1992. Erica and Arnold Rogers Award (University of Winnipeg) for Excellence in Research and Scholarship. 

University of Winnipeg Exceptional Merit awards received 1986, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1996, 2003, 2004, 2008, 2010. 

Honourable Mention, Canadian Historical Association Sir John A. Macdonald Prize, 1981, for Strangers In Blood: Fur Trade Company Families in Indian Country.

Distinguished Visiting Professor of Canadian Studies, University of Alberta, October 1982.

Research Interests:
Northern Algonquian and Métis history;
Fur Trade; Missions; Biography.


Books (*refereed)

*2018, January Ojibwe Stories from the Upper Berens River A. Irving Hallowell and Adam Bigmouth in Conversation

Jennifer Brown Ojibwe Stories

*2017, August An Ethnohistorian in Rupert’s Land:Unfinished Conversations http://www.aupress.ca/index.php/books/120267  (the launch for this book is at the American Society for Ethnohistory meetings October 10-14 in Winnipeg this week.)

Ethnohistorian in Rupertsland

2014, ed. Mission Life in Cree-Ojibwe Country: Memories of a Mother and Son by Elizabeth Bingham Young and E. Ryerson Young. Edited with introductions. Athabasca University Press. www.aupress.ca

2013. Col. William Marsh: Vermont Patriot and Loyalist. With Wilson B. Brown. Createspace. 438 pp.

*2010, ed. Contributions to Ojibwe Studies by A. Irving Hallowell. Edited collection of 30 articles by A. Irving Hallowell on his Berens River Ojibwe work of the 1930s, with introductions and annotation. With Susan Elaine Gray. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

*2009, ed. Memories, Myths, and Dreams of an Ojibwe Leader, by William Berens as told to A. Irving Hallowell. Edited with introductions and annotations. With Susan Elaine Gray. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, Rupert’s Land Record Society series.

*2005, ed. Telling our Stories: Omushkego Lessons and Histories from Hudson Bay, by Louis Bird. As lead editor, I worked with Louis Bird, two co-editors, and other contributors to publish a selection of Bird’s stories and commentaries with introductions, glossary, annotations, and illustrations. Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press. 269 pp. Reprinted twice.

*2003, ed. Reading beyond Words: Contexts for Native History. Revised 2nd edition, four new authors commissioned. With Elizabeth Vibert. Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, now University of Toronto Press. 504 pp.

1999, ed. First Nations and Hydroelectric Development in Northern Manitoba: The Northern Flood Agreement, Issues and Implications. With Jean-Luc Chodkiewicz. Winnipeg: Centre for Rupert’s Land Studies. Re-issued in digital format, 2010.

*1996, ed. Reading Beyond Words: Contexts for Native History. With Elizabeth Vibert. Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press. Reprinted 1998. 519 pp. 

*1994, ed. The Fur Trade Revisited: Selected Papers of the Sixth North American Fur Trade Conference. With W.J. Eccles, Donald P. Heldman. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press. 536 pp.

*l992, ed. The Ojibwa of Berens River, Manitoba: Ethnography into History, by A. Irving Hallowell. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. My roles included annotating, documenting, illustrat­ing, and writing preface and afterword. 128 pp. Reprinted twice, and in US and Canadian editions by Thomson Wadsworth and Thomson Nelson respectively, 2006.

*l988. The Orders of the Dreamed: George Nelson on Cree and Northern Ojibwa Religion and Myth, l823. With Robert Brightman. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press; St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press. Paperback l990, reprinted 1998, 2004. 226 pp.

l988, ed. Revised, expanded edition of Harold Hickerson, The Chippewa and their Neighbors: A Study in Ethnohistory (l970). With Laura Peers. Additions include new preface, critical essay reviewing the first edition in light of recent literature, bibliographical supplement, and improve­ments to illustrative materials. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press. 151 pp.

*l985, ed. The New Peoples: Being and Becoming Métis in North America. With Jacqueline Peterson. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press; Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Reprinted five times; also in 2001 and 2007 as co-publication with Minnesota Historical Society Press. 266 pp.

*1980. Strangers in Blood: Fur Trade Company Families in Indian Country. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1980. Reprinted several times, and in 1998 as co-publication with the University of Oklahoma Press. Reprinted 2009. 255 pp.

Selected contributions to books, anthologies, encyclopedias (*refereed)

*“All These Stories about Women”: Many Tender Ties and a New Fur Trade History. Finding a Way to the Heart: Feminist Writings on Aboriginal and Women's History in Canada (tentative title), volume in honour of Sylvia Van Kirk, R. Jarvis Brownlie and Valerie Korinek, eds. University of Manitoba Press, in press.

*2010. Frances Nickawa, “A Gifted Interpreter of the Poetry of her Race.” In Recollecting: Lives of Aboriginal Women of the Canadian Northwest and Borderlands, Sarah Carter and Patricia McCormack, eds., 263-286. Edmonton: Athabasca University Press.

*2010. Aaniskotaapaan, Generations and Successions. In Gathering Places: Essays on Aboriginal Histories, Laura Peers and Carolyn Podruchny, eds., 295-311. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press. 

2010. Review essay on Sally Cole, Rainy River Lives: Stories Told by Maggie Wilson. Collaborative Anthropologies, vol. 3 (annual), edited by Luke Eric Lassiter. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. 

2010. Kinship Shock for Fur Traders and Missionaries: The Cross-Cousin Challenge. Papers of the Rupert’s Land Colloquium, Winnipeg, 2010, compiled by David Malaher, ed. by Anne Lindsay and Jennifer Ching. University of Winnipeg, Centre for Rupert’s Land Studies (digital publication). 

*2007. Rupert’s Land, Nituskeenan, Our Land: Cree and English Naming and Claiming around the Dirty Sea. In New Histories for Old: Changing Perspectives on Canada’s Native Pasts, 18-40. Theodore Binnema and Susan Neylan, eds. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2007.

Elizabeth Bingham Young. Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 16. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, in press.

*Woman as Centre and Symbol in the Emergence of Métis Communities (1983), reprinted with new introduction. In Rebecca Kugel and Lucy Eldersveld Murphy, eds., Native Women’s History in Eastern North America before 1900: A Guide to Research and Writing, 65-76. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2007. 

*Fields of Dreams: Revisiting A.I. Hallowell and the Berens River Ojibwa. In Native American Histories, Cultures, and Representations, Sergei Kan and Pauline Turner Strong, eds., 17-41. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2006.

*Omens, Mysteries, and First Encounters. With Louis Bird. In Telling our Stories: Omushkego Legends and Histories from Hudson Bay, by Louis Bird, 133-162. Peterborough, ON: Broadview Press, 2005.

Frances Nickawa. Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol.15, 1921-30, 781-782. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

*Waabitigweyaa, the One Who Found the Anishinaabeg First. With Roger Roulette. In Algonquian Spirit: Contemporary Translations of the Algonquian Literatures of North America, Brian Swann, ed., 159-169. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2005. 

Five entries for Oxford Companion to Canadian History, ed. by Gerald Hallowell: Aboriginal spiritual beliefs, 12-14;Métis, 401-403; Michif language, 404; Marriage according to the custom of the country, 392; Rupert’s Land, 557. Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press, 2004.

*The Wasitay Religion: Omushkego Cree Prophecy, Literacy, and Great Books on Hudson Bay. In Reassessing Revitalization: Perspectives from North America and the Pacific Islands, Michael Harkin, ed., 104-123. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2004.

*Métis, Mestizo, and Mixed-Blood. With Theresa Schenck. In Blackwell Companion to Native American History, Neal Salisbury and Philip Deloria, eds., 321-338. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2002.

*Partial Truths: A Closer Look at Fur Trade Marriage. In From Rupert’s Land to Canada: Essays in Honour of John E. Foster, Theodore Binnema, Gerhard Ens, and R.C. Macleod, eds., 59-80. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2001.

Texts as Artifacts, Artifacts as Texts: Entangling History and Anthropology along the Berens River. Papers of the 1997 Chacmool Archaeological Conference, Matthew Boyd et al, eds., pp. 19-22. Calgary: Department of Archaeology, University of Calgary. 2000. 

*History of the Canadian Plains until 1870. In Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 13, Plains, Raymond DeMallie, ed., 300-312. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2001.

Jacob Berens (Nah-wee-kee-sick-quah-yash). Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 14, 63-64. University of Toronto Press, 1998. 

Egerton Ryerson Young. Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. l3, 1121-1122. University of Toronto Press, 1994.

Introduction (principal author) to The Fur Trade Revisited: Selected Papers of the Sixth North American Fur Trade Conference, Mackinac Island, Michigan, 1991, J.S.H. Brown, W.J. Eccles, and Donald P. Heldman, eds., 1-7. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1994.

*Fur Trade as Centrifuge: Familial Dispersal and Offspring Identity in Two Company Contexts. In North American Indian Anthropology: Essays on Society and Culture, Raymond J. DeMallie and Alfonso Ortiz, eds., 197-219 Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994.

*Fur Trade History as Text and Drama. In Uncovering the Past: The Roots of Northern Alberta's Societies, R.G. Ironside and Patricia A. McCormack, eds., 81-88. Edmonton: Boreal Institute for Northern Studies, University of Alberta, 1993.

*Rupert's Land and British Columbia. Encyclopedia of the North American Colonies, vol. 1, 214-219. New York: Scribner's, 1993.

Documentary Editing: Whose Voices? Occasional Papers of the Champlain Society, no. 1, 1-13. Toronto: Champlain Society, 1992.

From Sorel to Lake Winnipeg: George Nelson as an Ethnohistorical Source. In New Dimensions in Ethnohistory: Papers of the Second Laurier Conference on Ethnohistory and Ethnology, Barry Gough and Laird Christie, eds. Canadian Ethnology Service, Mercury Series, Paper 120. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1991.

*A Place in Your Mind for Them All: Chief William Berens. In Being and Becoming Indian: Biographic Studies of North American Frontiers, James A. Clifton, ed., 204-225. Chicago: Dorsey Press, 1989. (Reprinted by Waveland Press, 1993.)

Biographies of Abishabis (Cree prophet); Duncan Cameron. Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 7 (l836-l850), 3-4; 137-139. University of Toronto Press, 1988.

Articles on Michif language, James Bird, Jr. Canadian Encyclopedia, 2nd ed., 1348; 227. Edmonton: Hurtig, 1988. (These items also appear in CD-ROM and on-line versions [Historica web site])

*The Métis: Genesis and Rebirth. In Native Peoples, Native Lands, Bruce Cox, ed., l36-l47. Ottawa: Carleton University Press, 1987. (Reprinted 1992 in R. Douglas Francis and Howard Palmer, eds., The Prairie West. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press.)

*A Cree Nurse in a Cradle of Methodism: Little Mary and the Egerton R. Young Family at Norway House and Berens River. In First Days, Fighting Days: Women in Manitoba History, Mary Kinnear, ed., pp. l8-40. Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center, 1987. (Reprinted 1992 in Bettina Bradbury, ed., Canadian Family History: Selected Readings. Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman.)

*Northern Algonquians from Lake Superior and Hudson Bay to Manitoba in the Historical Period. In Native Peoples: The Canadian Experience, R. Bruce Morrison and C. Roderick Wilson, eds., 208-236 Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1987.

Biographies of fur traders John Hodgson, John McDonald le Borgne, Thomas Vincent. Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 6 (l82l-35), 320-32l, 436-437, 794-795. University of Toronto Press, 1987.

Selected journal articles, published proceedings, commentaries (*refereed)

*2011. As for Me and my House: Zhaawanaash and Methodism at Berens River, 1874-1883. Papers of the 40th Algonquian Conference, Rand Valentine, ed. SUNY Press, in press.

*2008. Growing up Algonquian: A Missionary’s Son in Cree-Ojibwe Country, 1869-1876. Papers of the39th Algonquian Conference, Karl S. Hele and Regna Darnell, eds., 72-93. London: University of Western Ontario.

*2007 [published 2008]. Noms et metaphores dans l’historiographie Métisse: anciennes categories et nouvelles perspectives. Recherches amerindiennes au Quebec 37(2-3):7-14. Special invited issue on the Métis and ethnogenesis. 

*2008. Cores and Boundaries: Métis Historiography across a Generation. Native Studies Review 17(2): 1-18.

*2006. Older Persons in Cree and Ojibwe Stories: Gender, Power, and Survival. Actes du 37e Congres des Algonquinistes, H.C. Wolfart, ed., 439-449. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba.

*2003. Doing Aboriginal History: A View from Winnipeg. Canadian Historical Review 84(4): 613-635. Special prairie issue.

*2001. Writing the Stories of Aboriginal-Missionary Encounters: A Place in our Minds for Them All. Special issue, Journal of Mennonite Studies, 25-31.

*2000. “There is no End to Relationship among the Indians”: Ojibwa Families and Kinship in Historical Perspective. With Laura Peers. The History of the Family: An International Quarterly 4(4): 529-555. Special issue on the Canadian family, Peter Baskerville and Eric W. Sager, guest eds. 

1996. Revisiting Fur Trade Families, Past and Present, East and West. Families 35(4): 197-205. (Text of J. Richard Houston Memorial Lecture presented to the Ontario Genealogical Society.)

*1996. Reading beyond the Missionaries, Dissecting Responses. Ethnohistory 43(4): 713-720. Special issue on Native American women’s responses to Christianity.

*1994. Fair Wind: Medicine and Consolation on the Berens River. With Maureen Matthews. Journal of the Canadian Historical Association, n.s., 4: 55-74.

*1994. Métis, Halfbreeds, and Other Real People: Challenging Cultures and Categories. The History Teacher 27(1): 19-26.

1991. Ethnohistorians: Strange Bedfellows, Kindred Spirits. (Text of presidential address.) Ethnohistory 38(2): 113-123.

1990. The Blind Men and the Elephant: Fur Trade History Revisited. Proceedings of the Fort Chipewyan and Fort Vermilion Bicentennial Conference, Patricia A. McCormack and R. Geoffrey Ironside, eds., 15-19. Edmonton: Boreal Institute for Northern Studies, University of Alberta. (Text of invited plenary talk.)

1988. A Parcel of Upstart Scotchmen [Scots in the fur trade]. The Beaver 68(1): 4-11, 1988.

*1987. I Wish to Be as I See You: Methodism and Indians in Fur Trade Country, Rainy Lake 1854-57. Arctic Anthropology 24(1): 19-31.

1987. A. Irving Hallowell and William Berens Revisited. In Papers of the Eighteenth Algonquian Conference, William Cowan, ed. 17-28. Ottawa: Carleton University.

1987. Rejoinder to Peter C. Newman. Canadian Historical Review 68(2): 271-272, 1987. Published as a sequel to Newman’s reply to my *”Newman's Company of Adventures in Two Solitudes: A Look at Reviews and Responses,” q.v., in Canadian Historical Review 67(4): 562-571.

Other publications

Pre-1987: about 40 articles and biographical and other entries.

1975-present: about 50 book reviews and review essays.