Bill Buhay


Bill Buhay Title: Associate Professor
Office: 5L08
Building: Lockhart Hall
Phone: 204.786.9226

Degrees: B.Sc., M.Sc. (McMaster)
Ph.D. (University of Waterloo)
Post-Doctorate (Cambridge)

Teaching Areas:
Climate Change, Geology, Natural Hazasrds, Environmental Impact


GEOG-2204(3) Human Impact
GEOG-2212(3) Natural Hazards
GEOG-2213(3) Soil Science
GEOG-2216(3) Physical Geology
GEOG-3204(3) Climate Change and Variability

Research Interests:

Environmental Geochemistry, Stable Isotope Climatology and Paleoclimatology, Isotope Technique Developments


Roksandic, M., D. Byers, W. M. Buhay, and I. Roksandic. The earliest dated burial from the Caribbean coast of Nicaragua, Angi shell-matrix site, community of Monkey Point. Antiquity (in press).

Smith, D.G., Y. Chinique des Armas, R. Rodriguez Suarez, W. M. Buhay,  I. Roksandic, M. C. Peros, and M. Roksandic. Crossing the subsistence divide: The case of Canimar Abajo and the contemporaneous sites in Cuba and the Caribbean. In ed. B.R. Reid. The Archaeology of Caribbean and Circum-Caribbean Farmers (5000 BC - AD 1500) (in press).

Chinique de Armas, Y., M. Roksandic, D. Nikitović, R. Rodríguez Suárez, D. Smith, N. Kanik, D. García Jordá, and W. M. Buhay. 2016. Isotopic reconstruction of the weaning process in the archaeological population of Canímar Abajo, Cuba: A Bayesian Probability Mixing Model approach. PloS one 12: p.e0176065.

Chinique de Armas, Y., M. Roksandic, R. Rodríguez Suárez, D. G. Smith, and W. M. Buhay. 2016. Isotopic evidence of variations in subsistence strategies and food consumption patterns among “fisher-gatherer” populations of western Cuba. In Cuban Archaeology in the Caribbean. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida: 125–146.

Roksandic, M., W. M. Buhay, Y. Chinique de Armas, R. Rodríguez Suárez, M. C. Peros, I. Roksandic, S. Mowat, L. M. Vieira, C.  Arredondo, A. M. Fuentes, and D. G. Smith. 2015. Radiocarbon and stratigraphic chronology of Canímar Abajo, Matanzas, Cuba. Radiocarbon 57:28–36.

Chinique de Armas, Y., W. M. Buhay, R. Rodríguez Suárez, S. Bestel, D. G. Smith, S. Mowat, and M. Roksandic. 2015. Starch analysis and isotopic evidence of consumption of cultigens among fisher-gatherers in Cuba: The archaeological site of Canímar Abajo, Matanzas. Journal of Archaeological Science 58:121–132.

Chinique de Armas, Y., W. M. Buhay, R. Rodriguez Suarez, and M. Roksandic. 2013. Relacion entre el proceso de ablactacion y la mortalidad infantile mde los individuos subadultos del sitio arqueologico Canimar Abajo, Matanzas, Cuba. Arqueologica, 6: 27–36.

Carlson, J. C., J. C. Anderson, J. E. Low, P. Cardinal., S. D. Mackenzie, S. Beattie, J. Challis, R. J. Bennett, S. S. Meronek, R. P. Wilks, W. M. Buhay, C. S. Wong, and M. Hanson. 2013. Presence and hazards of nutrients and emerging organic micropollutants from sewage lagoon discharges into Dead Horse Creek, Manitoba, Canada. Science of the Total Environment 445–446: 64–78.

Buhay, W. M., Y. Chinique de Armas, R. Rodriguez Suárez, C. Arredondo, D. G. Smith, S. D. Armstrong, and M. Roksandic. 2012. A preliminary carbon and nitrogen isotopic investigation of bone collagen from skeletal remains recovered from a Pre-Columbian burial site, Matanzas Province, Cuba. Applied Geochemistry 32: 76–84.

Buhay, W. M., B. B. Wolfe, and A. Schwalb. 2012. Lakewater paleothermometry from Deep Lake, Minnesota during the deglacial-Holocene transition from combined d18O analysis of authigenic carbonate and aquatic cellulose. Quaternary International 260: 76–82.

Buhay,W. M., B. B. Wolfe, and A. Schwalb. 2012. Lakewater paleothermometry from Deep Lake,Minnesota during the deglaciale Holocene transition from combined d18O analyses of authigenic carbonate and aquatic cellulose. Quaternary International 260: 76–82.
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Simard, S., H. Morin, C. Krause, W. M. Buhay, and K. Treydte. 2012. Tree-ring widths and isotopes of artificially defoliated balsam firs: A simulation of spruce budworm outbreaks in Eastern Canada. Environmental and Experimental Botany 81: 44–54.

Buhay, W. M., S. Simpson, H. Thorleifson, M. Lewis, J. King, A. Telka, P. Wilkinson, J. Babb, S. Timsic, and D. Bailey. 2009. A 1000-year record of dry conditions in the eastern Canadian Prairies reconstructed from oxygen and carbon iIsotope measurements on Lake Winnipeg sediment organics. Journal of Quaternary Science 24(5): 426–436.
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Buhay, W. M., S. Timsic, D. Blair, J. Reynolds, S. Jarvis, D. Petrasha, M. Rempel, and D. Bailey. 2008. Riparian influences on carbon isotopic composition of tree rings in the Slave River Delta, Northwest Territories, Canada. Chemical Geology 252: 9–20.
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Teller, J. T., Z. Yang, M. Boyd, W. M. Buhay, K. McMillan, H. J. Kling, and A. M. Telka. 2008. Postglacial sedimentary record and history of West Hawk Lake Crater, Manitoba. J Paleolimnol 40: 661–688.

Robertson, I., S. W. Leavitt, N. J. Loader, N.J., and W. M. Buhay. 2008. Progress is isotope dendroclimatology. Chemical Geology 252: EX1-EX4.

Lewis, C. F. M., D. L. Forbes, B. J. Todd, E. Nielsen, L. H. Thorleifson, T. W. Anderson, R. N. Betcher, W. M. Buhay,  S. M. Burbidge, C. Gibson, P. J. Henderson, C. A. Jarrett, J. W. King, H. J. Kling, H. J. Last, W. L., Lockhart, G. Matile, I., McMartin, K. Moran, J. Risberg, C. G. Rodrigues, C. J. Schroeder-Adams, A. M. Telka, and R. E. Vance. Effects of Mid-Holocene warm-climate aridity on Lake Winnipeg and the northern Great Plains (submitted to Nature).

Wolfe, B., W. M. Buhay, and A. A. Schwalb. A varved lake sediment carbonate and organic isotope record of late glacial-early Holocene Paleohydrology and paleotemperature in the northern Great Plains, USA. (submitted to Geology).

Loader, N. J. and Buhay, W. M. Rapid catalytic oxidation: On the development of a new on-line method to measure the oxygen isotopic composition of organic and inorganic matter. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry (in press).

Buhay, W. M. and R. N. Betcher. 1998. Paleohydrologic implications of 18O enriched Lake Agassiz water. Journal of Paleolimnology 19: 285–296.

Motz, J. E., T. W. D. Edwards,  and W. M. Buhay. 1997. Use of nickel-tube pyrolysis for hydrogen-isotope analysis of water and other compounds. Chemical Geology 140: 145–149.

Buhay, W. M., T. W. D. Edwards, and R. Aravena. 1996. Evaluating kinetic fractionation factors used for ecologic and paleoclimatologic reconstructions from oxygen and hydrogen isotope ratios in plant water and cellulose.  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 60: 2209–2218.

Buhay, W. M. and T. W. D. Edwards. 1995. Climate in southwestern Ontario, Canada, between AD 1610 and 1880 inferred from oxygen and hydrogen isotopic measurements of wood cellulose from trees in different hydrologic settings. Quaternary Research 44: 438–446.

Edwards, T. W. D., W. M. Buhay, R. J. Elgood, and H. B. Jiang. 1994. An improved nickel-tube pyrolysis method for oxygen isotope analysis of organic matter and water. Chemical Geology 114: 179-183.

Clague, J. J., R. W. Mathewes, W. M. Buhay, and T. W. D. Edwards. 1992. Early Holocene climate at Castle Peak, southern Coast Mountains, British Columbia, Canada. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 95: 153–160.