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Ed Cloutis

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Ed Cloutis Title: Professor, Director, Planetary Spectrophotometer Facility
Office: 5L13
Building: Lockhart Hall
Phone: 204.786.9386
Email: e.cloutis@uwinnipeg.ca

Teaching Areas:
Remote Sensing
Geographic Information Systems
Planetology
Spectroscopy

Courses:
GEOG-1202(3) Introduction to Earth Science
GEOG-2215(3) Mineralogy & Petrology

Research Interests:

Geological mapping of Mars and asteroids.
Spectral properties of organic geological materials.
Applications of spectroscopy to art history.
Development of new techniques for hyperspectral remote sensing data acquisition and analysis.
Detecting variations in crop health using airborne remote sensing.
Socio-economic impacts of climate change.

Planetary Spectrophotometer Facility (http://psf.uwinnipeg.ca)

Publications:

Applin, D. M., M. R. M. Izawa, E. A. Cloutis, J. J. Gillis-Davis, K. M. Pitman, T .L. Roush, A. R. Hendrix, and P. G. Lucey. 2018. Ultraviolet spectral reflectance of carbonaceous materials. Icarus 307: 40–82.

Eshelman, E., M. G. Daly, G. Slater, and E. A. Cloutis. 2018. Detecting aromatic compounds on planetary surfaces using ultraviolet time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. Planetary and Space Science 151: 1-10 doi:10.1016/j/pss.2017.09.003.

Poitras, J. T., E. A. Cloutis, M. R. Salvatore, S. A. Mertzman, D. M. Applin, and P. Mann. 2018. Mars analog minerals’ spectral reflectance characteristics under Martian surface conditions. Icarus, 306: 50–73; doi:10.1016.j.icarus.2018.01.023.

Cloutis, E. A., V. B. Pietrasz, C. Kiddell, M. R. M. Izawa, P. Vernazza, T. H. Burbine, F. DeMeo, K. T. Tait, J. F. Bell III, P. Mann, D. M. Applin, and V. Reddy. 2018. Spectral reflectance “deconstruction” of the Murchison CM2 carbonaceous chondrite and implications for spectroscopic investigations of dark asteroids. Icarus 305: 203–224.

Izawa, M. R. M., E. A. Cloutis, T. Rhind, S. A. Mertzman, J. Poitras, D. M. Applin, and P. Mann. 2018. Spectral reflectance (0.35-2.5 µm) of garnets: Implications for remote sensing detection and characterization. Icarus 300: 392–400.

Le Corre, L., J. A. Sanchez, V. Reddy, D. Takir, E. A. Cloutis, A. Thirouin, K. J. Becker, J.-Y. Li, S. Sugita, and E. Tatsumi. 2018. Ground-based characterization of Hayabusa2 mission target asteroid 162173 Ryugu: constraining mineralogical composition in preparation for spacecraft operations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 475: 614–623.

Johnson, J. R., C. Achilles, J. F. Bell III, S. Bender, E. Cloutis, B. Ehlmann, A. Fraeman, O. Gasnault, V. E. Hamilton, S. Le Mouélic, S. Maurice, P. Pinet, L. Thompson, D. Wellington, and R. C. Wiens. 2017. Visible/near-infrared spectral diversity from in situ observations of the Bagnold Dune Field sands in Gale Crater. Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research – Planets 122: 2655–2684; doi:10.1002/2016JE005187.

Bhatt, M., V. Reddy, K. Schindler, E. Cloutis, A. Bhardwaj, L. Le Corre, and P. Mann. 2017. Composition of Jupiter irregular satellites sheds light on their origin. Astronomy & Astrophysics 608: A67, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201630361.

Nathues, A., T. Platz, M. Hoffmann, G. Thangjam, E. A. Cloutis, D. M. Applin, L. Le Corre, V. Reddy, K. Mengel, S. Protopapa, D. Takir, F. Preusker, B. E. Schmidt, and C. T. Russell. 2017. Oxo crater on (1) Ceres: Geological history and the role of water-ice. Astronomical Journal 154(3): 84 (13 pp); doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/aa7a04.

Korablev, O. I., Y. Dobrolensky, N. Evdokimova, A. A. Fedorova, R. O. Kuzmin, S. N. Mantsevich, E. A. Cloutis, J. Carter, F. Poulet, J. Flahaut, A. Griffiths, M. Gunn, N. Schmitz, J. Martín-Torres, M.-P. Zorzano, D. S. Rodionov, J. L. Vago, A. V. Stepanov, A. Yu. Titov, N. A. Vyazovetsky, A. Yu. Trokhimovskiy, A. G. Sapgir, Yu. K. Kalinnikov, Yu. S. Ivanov, A. A. Shapkin, and A. Yu. Ivanov. 2017. Infrared Spectrometer for ExoMars: A mast-mounted instrument for the rover. Astrobiology 17 (6-7): 542–565. doi:10.1089/ast.2016.1543.

Sutton, S., C. M. O’D. Alexander, A. Bryant, A. Lanzirotti, M. Newville, and E. A. Cloutis. 2017. The bulk valence state of Fe and the origin of water in chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 211: 115–132.

Wang, Z., Y. Wu, D. T. Blewett, E. A. Cloutis, Y. Zheng, and J. Chen. 2017. Submicroscopic metallic iron in lunar soils estimated from the in situ spectra of the Chang’E-3 mission. Geophysical Research Letters 44: 3485–3492, doi:10.1002/2017GL072652.

Berard, G. M., E. A. Cloutis, and P. Mann. 2017. Leaf reflectance and transmittance properties (350-2500 nm): Implications for vegetation indices. Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy 25: 138–144.

Cloutis, E. A., V. Jonatanson, J. L. Bandfield, E. S. Amador, F. Rivera-Hernández, P. Mann, and S. A. Mertzman. 2017. Hydrothermally-altered dacite terrains in the Methana peninsula Greece: Relevance to Mars. Planetary and Space Science 138: 55–74.

Nathues, A., T. Platz, G. Thangjam, M. Hoffmann, K. Mengel, E. A. Cloutis, L. Le Corre, V. Reddy, J. Kallisch, and D. A. Crown. 2017. Evolution of Occator crater on (1) Ceres. Astronomical Journal 153 (3): 112; doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/153/3/112. 

Smith, R. J., B. N. H. Horgan, P. Mann, E. A. Cloutis, and P. R. Christensen. 2017. Acid weathering of basalt and basaltic glass: 2. Effects of microscopic alteration textures on spectral properties. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 122: 203–227, doi:10/1002/2016JE005112.

Horgan, B. N. H., R. J. Smith, E. A. Cloutis, P. Mann, and P. R. Christensen. 2017. Acid weathering of basalt and basaltic glass: 1. Near-infrared spectra, thermal infrared spectra, and implications for Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 122: 172–202, doi:10/1002/2016JE005111.

McCraig, M. A., G. R. Osinski, E. A. Cloutis, R. L. Flemming, M. R. M. Izawa, V. Reddy, S. K. Fieber-Beyer, L. Pompilio, F. van der Meer, J. A. Berger, M. S. Bramble, and D. M. Applin. 2017. Fitting the curve in Excel®: Systematic curve fitting of laboratory and remotely sensed planetary spectra. Computers & Geosciences 100: 103–114.

Sanchez, J. A., V. Reddy, M. K. Shepard, C. Thomas, E. A. Cloutis, D. Takir, A. Conrad, C. Kiddell, and D. Applin. 2017. Detection of rotational spectral variation on the M-type asteroid (16) Psyche. The Astronomical Journal 153(1): 29 (8pp) doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/153/1/29.

Greenberger, R. N., J. F. Mustard, G. R. Osinski, L. L. Tornabene, A. J. Pontefract, C. L. Marion, R. L. Flemming, J. H. Wilson, and E. A. Cloutis. 2016. Hyperspectral mapping of alteration assemblages within a hydrothermal vug at the Haughton impact structure, Canada. Meteoritics and Planetary Science 51: 2274–2292.

Nathues, A., M. Hoffmann, T. Platz, G.S. Thangjam, E. A. Cloutis, V. Reddy, L. Le Corre, J.-Y. Li, K. Mengel, A. Rivkin, D. M. Applin, M. Schaefer, U. Christensen, H. Sierks, J. Ripken, B. E. Schmidt, H. Hiesinger, M. V. Sykes, H. G. Sizemore, F. Pruesker, and C. T. Russell. 2016. FC colour images of dwarf planet Ceres reveal a complicated geological history. Planetary and Space Sciences 134: 122–127.

Reddy, V., J. A. Sanchez, W. F. Bottke, A. Thirouin, E. G. Rivera-Valentin, M. S. Kelley, W. Ryan, E. A. Cloutis, S. C. Tegler, E. V. Ryan, P. A. Taylor, J. E. Richardson, N. Moskovitz, and L. Le Corre. 2016. Physical characterization of ~2 m diameter near-Earth asteroid 2015 TC25: A possible boulder from E-type asteroid (44) Nysa. The Astronomical Journal 152: 162 (7 pp.); doi:10.3847/0004-6256/152/6/162.

Cloutis, E. A. 2016. Highlights and breakthroughs: Styles of aqueous alteration on Mars. American Mineralogist 101: 1925–1926.

Vernazza, P., M. Marsset, P. Beck, R. P. Binzel, M. Birlan, E. A. Cloutis, F. E. DeMeo, C. Dumas, and T. Hiroi. 2016. Compositional homogeneity of CM parent bodies. Astronomical Journal 152(3): 54 (10 pp); doi:10.3847/0004-6256/152/3/54.

Johnson, J. R., J. F. Bell III, S. Bender, D. Blaney, E. Cloutis, B. Ehlmann, A. Fraeman, O. Gasnault, K. Kinch, S. Le Mouélic, S. Maurice, E. Rampe, D. Vaniman, and R. C. Wiens. 2016. Constraints on iron sulfate and iron oxide mineralogy from ChemCam visible/near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy of Mt. Sharp basal units, Gale Crater, Mars. American Mineralogist 101: 1501–1524.

Li, J.-Y., V. Reddy, A. Nathues, L. Le Corre, M. R. M. Izawa, E. A. Cloutis, M. V. Sykes, U. Carsenty, J. C. Castillo-Rogez, M. Hoffmann, R. Jaumann, K. Krohn, S. Mottola, T. H. Prettyman, M. Schaefer, P. Schenk, S. E. Schröder, D. A. Williams, D. E. Smith, M. T. Zuber, A. S. Konopliv, R. S. Park, C. A. Raymond, and C. T. Russell. 2016. Surface albedo and spectral variability of Ceres. Astrophysical Journal 817: L22; doi: 10.3847/2041-8205/817/2/L22.

Applin, D. M., M. R. M. Izawa, and E. A. Cloutis. 2016. Reflectance spectroscopy of oxalate minerals and relevance to Solar System carbon inventories. Icarus 278: 7–30.

Regan, S., L. Matwichuk, E. Cloutis, D. Goltz, and P. Mann. 2016. Potential signatures of heavy metal complexes in lichen reflectance spectra. International Journal of Remote Sensing 37: 2621–2640.

Thomas, I. R., A. C. Vandaele, S. Robert, E. Neefs, R. Drummond, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, B. Ristic, S. Berkenbosch, R. Clairquin, J. Maes, S. Bonnewijn, C. Depiesse, A. Mahieux, L. Trompet, L. Neary, Y. Willame, V. Wilquet, D. Nevejans, L. Aballea, W. Moelans, L. De Vos, S. Lesschaeve, N. Van Vooren, J.-J. Lopez-Moreno, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, and the NOMAD Team. 2016. Optical and radiometric models of the NOMAD instrument part II: the infrared channels – SO and LNO. Optics Express 24: 3790–3805; DOI:10.1364/OE.24.003790.

Cloutis, E., L. Norman, M. Cuddy, and P. Mann. 2016. Spectral reflectance (350-2500 nm) properties of historic artists’ pigments. II. Red-orange-yellow chromates, jarosites, organics, lead (-tin) oxides, sulphides, nitrites and antimonates. Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy 24: 119–140.

Cloutis, E., P. Szymanski, D. Applin, and D. Goltz. 2016. Identification and discrimination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using Raman spectroscopy. Icarus 274: 211–230.

Robert, S., A. C. Vandaele, I. Thomas, Y. Willame, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, C. Depiesse, R. Drummond, E. Neefs, L. Neary, B. Ristic, J. Mason, J.-J., Lopez-Moreno, J. Rodriguez-Gomez, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, and the NOMAD Team. 2016. Expected performances of the NOMAD/ExoMars instrument. Planetary and Space Science 124: 94–104.

Cloutis, E., A. MacKay, L. Norman, and D. Goltz. 2016. Identification of historic artists’ pigments using spectral reflectance and X-ray diffraction properties I. Iron oxide and oxy-hydroxide-rich pigments. Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy 24: 27–45.

Laing, J. R., H. C. Robichaud, and E. A. Cloutis. 2016. An assessment of macro-scale in situ Raman and ultraviolet-induced fluorescence spectroscopy for rapid characterization of frozen peat and ground ice. International Journal of Astrobiology 15: 119–126.

Thangjam, G., A. Nathues, K. Mengel, M. Schäfer, M. Hoffmann, E. A. Cloutis, P. Mann, C. Müller, T. Platz, and T. Schäfer. 2016. Three-dimensional spectral analysis of compositional heterogeneity at Arruntia crater on (4) Vesta using Dawn FC. Icarus 267: 344–363.

Izawa, M. R. M., T. Schäfer, V. B. Pietrasz, E. A. Cloutis, P. Mann, A. Nathues, K. Mengel, M. Schäfer, G. Thangjam, M. Hoffmann, K. T. Tait, and D. M. Applin. 2016. Effects of viewing geometry, aggregation state, and particle size on reflectance spectra of the Murchison CM2 chondrite deconvolved to Dawn FC band passes. Icarus 266: 235–248.

Berg, B. L., E. A. Cloutis, P. Beck, P. Vernazza, J. L. Bishop, D. Takir, V. Reddy, D. Applin, and P. Mann. 2016. Reflectance spectroscopy (0.35-8 µm) of ammonium-bearing minerals and qualitative comparison to Ceres-like asteroids. Icarus 265: 218–237.

Schäfer, T., A. Nathues, K. Mengel, M. R. M. Izawa, E. A. Cloutis, M. Schäfer, and M. Hoffmann. 2016. Spectral parameters for Dawn FC color data: Carbonaceous chondrites and aqueous alteration products as potential cerean analog materials. Icarus 265: 149–160.

Cloutis, E., B. Berg, P. Mann, and D. Applin. 2016. Reflectance spectroscopy of low atomic weight and Na-rich minerals: Borates, hydroxides, nitrates, nitrites, and peroxides. Icarus 264: 20–36.

Moore, C. A., J.E. Moores, M. T. Lemmon, S. C. R. Rafkin, R. Francis, J. Pla-García, R. M. Haberle, M.-P. Zorzano, F. J. Martín-Torres, J. R. Burton, and the MSL Science Team. 2016. A full martian year of line-of-sight extinction within Gale Crater, Mars as acquired by the MSL Navcam through sol 900. Icarus 264: 102–108; doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2015.09.001.

Mahaffy, P. R., C. R. Webster, J. C. Stern, A. E. Brunner, S. K. Atreya, P. G. Conrad, S. Domagal-Goldman, J. L. Eigenbrode, G. J. Flesch, L. E. Christensen, H. B. Franz1, C. Freissinet, D. P. Glavin, J. P. Grotzinger, J. H. Jones, L. A. Leshin, C. Malespin, A. C. McAdam, D. W. Ming, R. Navarro-Gonzalez, P. B. Niles, T. Owen, A. A. Pavlov, A. Steele, M. G. Trainer, K. H. Williford, J. J. Wray, and the MSL Science Team. 2015. The imprint of atmospheric evolution in the D/H or Hesperian clay minerals on Mars. Science 347: 412–414; doi: 10.1126/science.1260291.

Webster, C. R., P. R. Mahaffy, S. K. Atreya, G. J. Flesch, M. A. Mischna, P.-Y. Meslin, K. A. Farley, P. G. Conrad, L. E. Christensen, A. A. Pavlov, J. Martín-Torres, M.-P. Zorzano, T. H. McConnochie, T. Owen, J. L. Eigenbrode, D. P. Glavin, A. Steele, C. A. Malespin, P. D. Archer Jr., B. Sutter, P. Coll, C. Freissinet, C. P. McKay, J. E. Moores, S. P. Schwenzer, J. C. Bridges, R. Navarro-Gonzalez, R. Gellert, M. T. Lemmon, and the MSL Science Team. 2015. Mars methane detection and variability at Gale Crater. Science 347: 415–417; doi:10.1126/science.1261713.

Vandaele, A., C. Y. Willame, C. Depiesse, I. R. Thomas, S. Robert, D. Bolsée, M. R. Patel, J. P. Mason, M. Leese, S. Lesschaeve, P. Antoine, F. Daerden, S. Delanoye, R. Drummond, E. Neefs, B. Ristic, J. J. Lopez-Moreno, G. Bellucci, and the NOMAD Team. 2015. Optical and radiometric models of the NOMAD instrument Part I: the UVIS channel. Optics Express 23: 30028–30042 (2015).

Nathues, A., M. Hoffmann, M. Schaefer, L. Le Corre, V. Reddy, T. Platz, E. A. Cloutis, U. Christensen, T. Kneissl, J.-Y. Li, K. Mengel, N. Schmedemann, T. Schaefer, C.T. Russell, D. M. Applin, D.L. Buczkowski, M. R. M. Izawa, H. U. Keller, D. P. O’Brien, C. M. Pieters, C. A. Raymond, J. Ripken, P. M. Schenk, B. E. Schmidt, H. Sierks, M. V. Sykes, G. S. Thangjam, and J.-B. Vincent. 2015. Sublimation in bright spots on (1) Ceres. Nature 528: 237–240; doi:10.1038/nature15754.

Vandaele, A. C., E. Neefs, R. Drummond, I. R. Thomas, F. Daerden, J.-J. Lopez-Moreno, J. Rodriguez, M. R. Patel, G. Bellucci, M. Allen, F. Altieri, D. Bolsée, T. Clancy, S. Delanoye, C. Depiesse, E. Cloutis, A. Fedorova, V. Formisano, B. Funke, D. Fussen, A. Geminale, J.-C. Gérard, M. Giuranna, N. Ignatiev, J. Kaminski, O. Karatekin, F. Lefèvre, M. López-Puertas, M. López-Valverde, A. Mahieux, J. McConnell, M. Mumma, L. Neary, E. Renotte, B. Ristic, S. Robert, M. Smith, S. Trokhimovsky, J. Vander Auwera, G. Villanueva, J. Whiteway, V. Wilquet, M. Wolff, and the NOMAD Team. 2015. Science objectives and performances of NOMAD, a spectrometer suite for the ExoMars TGO mission. Planetary and Space Science 119: 233–249.

Eshelman, E., M. G. Daly, G. Slater, and E. Cloutis. 2015. Time-resolved detection of aromatic compounds on planetary surfaces by ultraviolet laser induced fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy. Planetary and Space Science 119: 200–207.

Cloutis, E. A., P. Mann, M. R. M. Izawa, D. M. Applin, C. Samson, R. Kruzelecky, T. D. Glotch, S. A. Mertzman, K. R. Mertzman, T. W. Haltigin, and C. Fry. 2015. The Canadian Space Agency planetary analogue materials suite. Planetary and Space Science 119: 155–172.

Greenberger, R. N., J. F. Mustard, B. L. Ehlmann, D. L. Blaney, E. A. Cloutis, J. H. Wilson, R. O. Green, and A. A. Fraeman. 2015. Imaging spectroscopy of geological samples and outcrops: Novel insights from microns to meters. GSA Today 25: 4–10. doi: 10.1130/GSATG252A.1.

Greenberger, R. N., J. F. Mustard, E. A. Cloutis, P. Mann, J. H. Wilson, R. L. Flemming, K. M. Robertson, M. R. Salvatore, C. S. Edwards. 2015. Hydrothermal alteration and diagenesis of terrestrial lacustrine pillow basalts: Coordination of hyperspectral imaging with laboratory measurements. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 171: 174–200.

Le Corre, L., V. Reddy, J. A. Sanchez, T. Dunn, E. A. Cloutis, M. R. M. Izawa, P. Mann, and A. Nathues. 2015. Exploring exogenic sources for the olivine on asteroid (4) Vesta. Icarus 258: 483–499.

Nathues, A., M. Hoffmann, M. Schäfer, G. Thangjam, L. Le Corre, V. Reddy, U. Christensen, K. Mengel, H. Sierks, J.-P. Vincent, E. A. Cloutis, C.T. Russell, T. Schäfer, P. Gutierrez-Marques, I. Hall, J. Ripken, and I. Büttner. 2015. Exogenic olivine on Vesta from Dawn Framing Camera color data. Icarus 258: 467–482.

Ruesch, O., H. Hiesinger, E. Cloutis, L. Le Corre, J. Kallisch, P. Mann, K. Markus, K. Metzler, A. Nathues, and V. Reddy. 2015. Near infrared spectroscopy of HED meteorites: Effects of viewing geometry and compositional variations. Icarus 258: 384–401.

Palomba, E., A. Longobardo, M. C. De Sanctis, A. Zinzi, E. Ammannito, S. Marchi, F. Tosi, F. Zambon, M. T. Capria, C. T. Russell, C. A. Raymond, and E. A. Cloutis. 2015. Detection of new olivine-rich locations on Vesta. Icarus 258: 120–134.

Beck, P., B. Schmitt, E. A. Cloutis, and P. Vernazza. 2015. Low-temperature reflectance spectra of brucite and the primitive surface of 1-Ceres? Icarus 257: 471–476.

Binzel, R. P., F. E. DeMeo, B. J. Burt, E. A. Cloutis, B. Rozitis, T. H. Burbine, H. Campins, B. E. Clark, J. P. Emery, C. W. Hergenrother, E. S. Howell, D. S. Lauretta, M. C. Nolan, M. Mansfield, V. Pietrasz, D. Polishook, and D. J. Scheeres. 2015. Spectral slope variations for OSIRIS-REx target asteroid (101955) Bennu: Possible evidence for a fine-grained equatorial bulge. Icarus 256: 22–29.

Izawa, M. R. M., M. A. Craig, D. M. Applin, J. A. Sanchez, V. Reddy, L. Le Corre, P. Mann, and E. A. Cloutis. 2015. Variability, absorption features, and parent body searches in “spectrally featureless” meteorite reflectance spectra: Case study – Tagish Lake. Icarus 254: 324–332.

Qadi, A., E. Cloutis, C. Samson, L. Whyte, A. Ellery, J. F. Bell III, G. Berard, A. Boivin, E. Haddad, J. Lavoie, W. Jamroz, R. Kruzelecky, A. Mack, P. Mann, K. Olsen, M. Perrot, D. Popa, T. Rhind, R. Sharma, J. Stromberg, K. Strong, A. Tremblay, R. Wilhelm, B. Wing, and B. Wong. 2015. Mars methane analogue mission: Mission simulation and rover operations at Jeffrey Mine and Norbestos Mine Quebec, Canada. Advances in Space Research 55: 2414–2426.

Ronholm, J., I. Raymond-Boucher, M. Creskey, T. Cyr, E. A. Cloutis, and L. G. Whyte. 2015. Characterizing the surface-exposed proteome of Planococcus halocryophilus during cryophilic growth. Extremophiles 19: 619–629.

Applin, D. M., M. R. M. Izawa, E. A. Cloutis, D. Goltz, and J. R. Johnson. 2015. Oxalate minerals on Mars? Earth and Planetary Science Letters 420: 127–139.

Lauretta, D. S., A. E. Bartels, M. A. Barucci, E. B. Bierhaus, R. P. Binzel, W. F. Bottke, H. Campins, S. R. Chesley, B. C. Clark, B. E. Clark, E. A. Cloutis, H. C. Connolly, M. K. Crombie, M. Delbo, J. P. Dworkin, J. P. Emery, D. P. Glavin, V. E. Hamilton, C. W. Hergenrother, C. L. Johnson, L. P. Keller, P. Michel, M. C. Nolan, S. A. Sandford, D. J. Scheeres, A. A. Simon, B. M. Sutter, D. Vokrouhlicky, and K. J. Walsh. 2015. The OSIRIS-REx target asteroid (101955) Bennu: Constraints on its physical, geological , and dynamic nature from astronomical observations. Meteorites and Planetary Science 50,: 834–849.

Greenberger, R. N., J. F. Mustard, E. A. Cloutis, L. M. Pratt, P. E. Sauer, P. Mann, K. Turner, M. D. Dyar, and D.L. Bish. 2015. Serpentinization, iron oxidation, and aqueous conditions in an ophiolite: Implications for hydrogen production and habitability on Mars. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 416: 21–34.

Reddy, V., D. Vokrouhlický, W. F. Bottke, P. Pravec, J. A. Sanchez, B. L. Gary, R. Klima, E. A. Cloutis, A. Galád, T. T. Guan, K. Hornoch, M. R. M. Izawa, P. Kušnirák, L. Le Corre, P. Mann, N. Moskovitz, B. Skiff, and J. Vraštil. 2015. Link between the potentially hazardous asteroid (86039) 1999 NC43 and the Chelyabinsk meteoroid tenuous. Icarus 252: 129–143.

Cloutis, E. A., J. A. Sanchez, V. Reddy, M. J. Gaffey, R. P. Binzel, T. H. Burbine, P. S. Hardersen, T. Hiroi, P. G. Lucey, J. M. Sunshine, and K. T. Tait. 2015. Olivine-metal mixtures: Spectral reflectance properties and application to asteroid reflectance spectra. Icarus 252: 39–82.

Gaffey, M. J., V. Reddy, S. Fieber-Beyer, and E. Cloutis. 2015. Asteroid (354) Eleonora: Plucking an odd duck. Icarus 250: 623–638.

Johnson, J. R., J. F. Bell III, S. Bender, D. Blaney, E. Cloutis, L. DeFlores, B. Ehlmann, O. Gasnault, B. Gondet, K. Kinch, M. Lemmon, S. Le Mouélic, S. Maurice, M. Rice, R. C. Wiens, and the MSL Science Team. 2015. ChemCam passive reflectance spectroscopy of surface materials at the Curiosity landing site, Mars. Icarus 249: 74–92.

Farley, K. A., C. Malespin, P. Mahaffy, J. P. Grotzinger, P. M. Vasconcelos, R. E. Milliken, M. Malin, K. S. Edgett, A. A. Pavlov, J. A. Hurowitz, J. A. Grant, H. B. Miller, R. Arvidson, L. Beegle, F. Calef, P. G. Conrad, W. E. Dietrich, J. Eigenbrode, R. Gellert, S. Gupta, V. Hamilton, D. M. Hassler, K. W. Lewis, S. M. McLennan, D. Ming, R. Navarro-González, S. P. Schwenzer, A. Steele, E. M. Stolper, D. Y. Sumner, D. Vaniman, A. Vasavada, K. Williford, R. F. Wimmer-Schweingruber, and the MSL Science Team. 2014. In situ radiometric and exposure age dating of the martian surface. Science 343: 1247166; doi: 10.1126/science.1247166.

Hassler, D. M., C. Zeitlin, R. F. Wimmer-Schweingruber, B. Ehresmann, S. Rafkin, J. L. Eigenbrode, D. E. Brinza, G. Weigle, S. Böttcher, E. Böhm, S. Burmeister, J. Guo, J. Köhler, C. Martin, G. Reitz, F. A. Cucinotta, M.-H. Kim, D. Grinspoon, M. A. Bullock, A. Posner, J. Gómez-Elvira, A. Vasavada, J. P. Grotzinger, and the MSL Science Team. 2014. Mars’ surface radiation environment measured with the Mars Science Laboratory’s Curiosity rover. Science 343: 1244797; doi: 10.1126/science.1244797.

Grotzinger, J. P., D. Y. Sumner, L. C. Kah, K. Stack, S. Gupta, L. Edgar, D. Rubin, K. Lewis, J. Schieber, N. Mangold, R. Milliken, P. G. Conrad, D. DesMarais, J. Farmer, K. Siebach, F. Calef III, J. Hurowitz, S. M. McLennan, D. Ming, D. Vaniman, J. Crisp, A. Vasavada, K. S. Edgett, M. Malin, D. Blake, R. Gellert, P. Mahaffy, R. C. Wiens, S. Maurice, J. A. Grant, S. Wilson, R. C. Anderson, L. Beegle, R. Arvidson, B. Hallet, R. S. Sletten, M. Rice, J. Bell III, J. Griffes, B. Ehlmann, R. B. Anderson, T. F. Bristow, W. E. Dietrich, G. Dromart, J. Eigenbrode, A. Fraeman, C. Hardgrove, K. Herkenhoff, L. Jandura, G. Kocurek, S. Lee, L. A. Leshin, R. Leveille, D. Limonadi, J. Maki, S. McCloskey, M. Meyer, M. Minitti, H. Newsom, D. Oehler, A. Okon, M. Palucis, T. Parker, S. Rowland, M. Schmidt, S. Squyres, A. Steele, E. Stolper, R. Summons, A. Treiman, R. Williams, A. Yingst, and the MSL Science Team. 2014. A habitable fluvio-lacustrine environment at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science 343: 1242777; doi: 10.1126/science.1242777.

Vaniman, D. T., D. L. Bish, D. W. Ming, T. F. Bristow, R. V. Morris, D. F. Blake, S. J. Chipera, S. M. Morrison, A. H. Treiman, E. B. Rampe, M. Rice, C. N. Achilles, J. P. Grotzinger, S. M. McLennan, J. Williams, J. F. Bell III, H. E. Newsom, R. T. Downs, S. Maurice, P. Sarrazin, A. S. Yen, J. M. Morookian, J. D. Farmer, K. Stack, R. E. Milliken, B. L. Ehlmann, D. Y. Sumner, G. Berger, J. A. Crisp, J. A. Hurowitz, R. Anderson, D. J. Des Marais, E. M. Stolper, K. S. Edgett, S. Gupta, N. Spanovich, and the MSL Science Team. 2014. Mineralogy of a mudstone at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science 343: 1243480; doi:10.1126/science.1243480.

Cousin, A., P. Y. Meslin, R. C. Wiens, W. Rapin, N. Mangold, C. Fabre, O. Gasnault, O. Forni, R. Tokar, A. Ollila, S. Schröder, J. Lasue, S. Maurice, V. Sautter, H. Newsom, D. Vaniman, S. Le Mouélic, D. Dyar, G. Berger, D. Blaney, M. Nachon, G. Dromart, N. Lanza, B. Clark, S. Clegg, W. Goetz, J. Berger, B. Barraclough, D. Delapp, and the MSL Science Team. 2015. Compositions of coarse and fine particles in martian soils at Gale: A window into the production of soils. Icarus 249: 22-42; doi:10.106/j.icarus.2014.04.052.

Ming, D. W., P. D. Archer Jr., D. P. Glavin, J. L. Eigenbrode, H. B. Franz, B. Sutter, A. E. Brunner, J. C. Stern, C. Freissinet, A. C. McAdam, P. R. Mahaffy, M. Cabane, P. Coll, J. L. Campbell, S. K. Atreya, P. B. Niles, J. F. Bell III, D. L. Bish, W. B. Brinckerhoff, A. Buch, P. G. Conrad, D. J. Des Marais, B. L. Ehlmann, A. G. Fairén, K. Farley, G. J. Flesch, P. Francois, R. Gellert, J. A. Grant, J. P. Grotzinger, S. Gupta, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. A. Hurowitz, L. A. Leshin, K. W. Lewis, S. M. McLennan, K. E. Miller, J. Moersch, R. V. Morris, R. Navarro-González, A. A. Pavlov, G. M. Perrett, I. Pradler, S. W. Squyres, R. E. Summons, A. Steele, E. M. Stolper, D. Y. Sumner, C. Szopa, S. Teinturier, M. G. Trainer, A. H. Treiman, D. T. Vaniman, A. R. Vasavada, C. R. Webster, J. J. Wray, R. A. Yingst, and the MSL Science Team. 2014. Volatile and organic compositions of sedimentary rocks in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science 343: 1245267; doi: 10.1126/science.1245267.

McLennan, S. M., R. B. Anderson, J. F. Bell III, J. C. Bridges, F. Calef III, J. L. Campbell, B. C. Clark, S. Clegg, P. Conrad, A. Cousin, D. J. Des Marais, G. Dromart, M. D. Dyar, L. A. Edgar, B. L. Ehlmann, C. Fabre, O. Forni, O. Gasnault, R. Gellert, S. Gordon, J. A. Grant, J. P. Grotzinger, S. Gupta, K. E. Herkenhoff, J. A. Hurowitz, P. L. King, S. Le Mouélic, L. A. Leshin, R. Léveillé, K. W. Lewis, N. Mangold, S. Maurice, D. W. Ming, R. V. Morris, M. Nachon, H. E. Newsom, A. M. Ollila, G. M. Perrett, M. S. Rice, M. E. Schmidt, S. P. Schwenzer, K. Stack, E. M. Stolper, D. Y. Sumner, A. H. Treiman, S. VanBommel, D. T. Vaniman, A. Vasavada, R. C. Wiens, R. A. Yingst, and the MSL Science Team. 2014. Elemental geochemistry of sedimentary rocks at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science 343: 1244734; doi: 10.1126/science.1244734.

Melikechia, N., A. Mezzacappa, A. Cousin, N. L. Lanza, J. Lasue, S. M. Clegg, G. Berger, R.C. Wiens, S. Maurice, R. L. Tokar, S. Bender, O. Forni, E. A. Breves, M. D. Dyar, J. Frydenvang, D. Delapp, O. Gasnault, H. Newsom, A. M. Ollila, E. Lewin, B. C. Clark, B. L. Ehlmann, D. Blaney, C. Fabre, and the MSL Science Team. 2014. Correcting for variable laser-target distances of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements with ChemCam using emission lines of Martian dust spectra. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy 96: 51–60.

Ronholm, J., D. Schumann, H. M. Sapers, M. Izawa, D. Applin, B. Berg, P. Mann, H. Vali, R. L. Flemming, E. A. Cloutis, and L.G. Whyte. 2014. A mineralogical characterization of biogenic calcium carbonates precipitated by heterotrophic bacteria isolated from cryophilic polar regions. Geobiology 12: 542–556.

Schmieder, M., F. Jourdan, E. Tohver, and E. A. Cloutis. 2014. 40Ar/39Ar age of the Lake Saint Martin impact structure (Canada) – Unchaining the late Triassic terrestrial impact craters. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 406: 37–48.

Thangjam, G., A. Nathues, K. Mengel, M. Hoffmann, M. Schäfer, V. Reddy, E. A. Cloutis, U. Christensen, H. Sierks, L. Le Corre, J.-B. Vincent, and C. T. Russell. 2014. Olivine-rich exposures at Bellicia and Aruntia craters on (4) Vesta from Dawn FC. Meteoritics and Planetary Science 49: 1831–1850.

Berg, B. L., J. Ronholm, D.M. Applin, P. Mann, M. Izawa, E. A. Cloutis, and L. G. Whyte. 2014. Spectral features of biogenic calcium carbonates and implications for astrobiology. International Journal of Astrobiology 13: 353–365.

Rhind, T., J. Ronholm, B. Berg, P. Mann, D. Applin, J. Stromberg, R. Sharma, L. G. Whyte, and E. A. Cloutis. 2014. Gypsum-hosted endolithic communities of the Lake St. Martin impact structure, Manitoba, Canada: Spectroscopic detectability and implications for Mars. International Journal of Astrobiology 13: 366–377.

Palomba, E., A. Longobardo, M. C. De Sanctis, F. Zambon, F. Tosi, E. Ammannito, F. Capaccioni, A. Frigeri, M. T. Capria, E. A. Cloutis, R. Jaumann, J.-P. Combe, C. A. Raymond, and C. T. Russell. 2014. Composition and mineralogy of dark material units on Vesta. Icarus 240: 58–72.

Nathues, A., M. Hoffmann, E. A. Cloutis, M. Schäfer, V. Reddy, U. Christensen, H. Sierks, G. S. Thangjam, L. Le Corre, K. Mengel, J.-P. Vincent, C. T. Russell, T. Prettyman, N. Schmedemann, T. Kneissl, C. Raymond, P. Gutierrez-Marques, I. Hall, and I. Büttner. 2014. Detection of serpentine in exogenic carbonaceous chondrite material on Vesta from Dawn FC data. Icarus 239: 222–237.

Neeley, J. R., B. E. Clark, M. E. Ockert-Bell, M.K. Shepard, J. Conklin, E. A. Cloutis, S. Fornasier, and S. J. Bus. 2014. The composition of M-type asteroids II: Synthesis of spectroscopic and radar observations. Icarus 238: 37–50.

Stromberg, J. M., D. A. Applin, E. A. Cloutis, M. Rice, G. Berard, and P. Mann. 2014. The persistence of a chlorophyll spectral biosignature from Martian evaporite and spring analogues under Mars-like conditions. International Journal of Astrobiology 13: 203–223.

Izawa, M. R. M., D. M. Applin, L. Norman, and E. Cloutis. 2014. Reflectance spectroscopy (350-2500 nm) of solid-state polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Icarus 237: 159-181.

Reddy, V., J. A. Sanchez, W. F. Bottke, E. A. Cloutis, M. R. M. Izawa, D. P. O'Brien, P. Mann, M. Cuddy, L. Le Corre, M. J. Gaffey, and G. Fujihara. 2014. Chelyabinsk meteorite explains unusual spectral properties of Baptistina Asteroid Family. Icarus 237: 116–130.

Horgan, B. H. N., E. A. Cloutis, P. Mann, and J. F. Bell III. 2014. Near-infrared spectra of ferrous minerals and methods for their identification in planetary surface spectra. Icarus 234: 132–154.

Cloutis, E. A., R. P. Binzel, and M. J. Gaffey. 2014. Establishing asteroid-meteorite links. Elements 10: 25–30.

Izawa, M. R. M., E. A. Cloutis, D. M. Applin, M. A. Craig, P. Mann, and M. Cuddy. 2014. Laboratory spectroscopic detection of hydration in pristine lunar regolith. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 390: 157–164.

Sanchez, J. A., V. Reddy, M. S. Kelley, E. A. Cloutis, W. F. Bottke, D. Nesvorny, M. P. Lucas, P. S. Hardersen, M. J. Gaffey, P. A. Abell, and L. Le Corre. 2014. Olivine-dominated asteroids: Mineralogy and origin. Icarus 228: 288–300.