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Michelle Bertrand

Criminal Justice


Michelle Bertrand Title: Associate Professor
Office: 3C48
Building: Centennial Hall
Phone: 204.988.7503
Email: m.bertrand@uwinnipeg.ca

Degrees:

MA and PhD, Queen's University

Biography:

Michelle Bertrand completed her M.A. and Ph.D. at Queen’s University in the Social-Personality Psychology program. As a graduate student, she served as a volunteer tutor in the Prison Literacy Initiative run through Frontier College and worked as a research assistant in the Regional Treatment Centre located in Kingston Penitentiary. Prior to joining the Criminal Justice Department at the University of Winnipeg, Dr. Bertrand worked for several months in Ottawa as a Research Officer for the Correctional Service of Canada.

 

 

Courses:

Current: Seminar in Research Design (7117); Interdisciplinary Perspectives in Preventing Wrongful Convictions (4654/7654)

 Previous: Introduction to Criminal Justice (1101); Criminal Justice Research Methods (2101); Forensic Psychology (3470).

 In addition to course-related teaching, Dr. Bertrand also supervises Criminal Justice Honours and M.A. student theses.

Research Interests:

Dr. Bertrand’s research interests are in the general area of Psychology and Law, with specific interests in Canadian juries and eyewitness memory.

 In her jury-related work, Dr. Bertrand looks at issues related to jury representativeness and comprehension of judicial charges. She is a co-investigator on an interdisciplinary SSHRC-funded research project (2018 – 2023) studying how well jury-eligible Canadians understand criminal charges and instructions that judges give to juries, as well as methods to improve juror understanding.

 Dr. Bertrand has also received funding for her work on jury representativeness. Within this area, she studies how the public conceive of and understand representativeness both generally and as it pertains to persons with disabilities, and how such perceptions compare to existing case law and legislation.

 Her current research interests in eyewitness memory focus mainly on biases in police lineups, but also include methodological issues in lineup construction and administration as well as policy issues regarding lineups.

Publications:

Selected Recent Publications

 Bertrand, M. I., Lindsay, R.C.L., Mansour, J. K., Beaudry, J. L., Kalmet, N., & Melsom, E. I.

            (2018). Examining How Lineup Practices of Canadian and U.S. Police Officers Adhere to Their

            National Best Practice Recommendations. Manitoba Law Journal: Second Special Volume on

            Current Issues in Criminal Law, 41, 1 – 47.

            Link: http://themanitobalawjournal.com/robson-crim/

 Bertrand, M. I., & Jochelson, R. (2018). Mock-jurors’ understanding of Canadian judicial

            instructions (is not very good). The Criminal Law Quarterly, 68, 136 – 160.

 

Lindsay, R.C.L., Bertrand, M. I., & Smith, A. M. (2017). The importance of knowing how a person

            became a suspect in a lineup: Multiple eyewitness identification procedures increase the risk of

            wrongful conviction. Manitoba Law Journal: Special Volume on Current Issues in Criminal

            Law, 40, 53 – 83.

            Link: https://docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/bab59a_02d6bf7925fd431393e850dd0a2802fb.pdf

 

Mansour, J. K., Beaudry, J. L., Kalmet, N., Bertrand, M. I., & Lindsay, R. C. L. (2017). Evaluating

            lineup fairness: Variations across methods and measures. Law and Human Behavior, 41, 103 –

  1. 115. doi: 10.1037/lhb0000203

 

Bertrand, M. I., Jochelson, R., & Menzie, L. (2017). The jury representativeness guarantee in

            Canada: The curious case of disability and justice-making. The Journal of Ethics in Mental

            Health Special Issue. Legal Responses to Mental Health/Mental Disability: Courts, Special

            Courts and Inter-disciplinary Tribunals, 10, 1 – 23.

               Link: https://www.jemh.ca/issues/v9/documents/JEMH%20article%20law%20theme%201%20final.pdf

 

Jochelson, R., Bertrand, M. I., Lindsay, R. C. L., Smith, A. M., Ventola, M., & Kalmet, N. (2014).

            Revisiting representativeness in the Manitoban Criminal Jury. Manitoba Law Journal:

            Underneath the Golden Boy, 37, 365 – 398.

            Link: http://umanitoba.ca/centres/mipr/media/Revisiting_Representativeness.pdf