Chancellor's Research Chair
Dr. Renée Douville, Biology
Awarded: May 2016
Dr. Douville is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biology studying neuroprogressive disease. During the Chancellor’s Research Chair term the Douville research laboratory will continue to focus on developing an understanding of how human endogenous retroviruses (ERVs), which reside in our DNA and are normally dormant, become re-activated in certain neurological diseases. Dr. Douville’s lab has discovered a novel ERV protein with neurotoxic potential; their work aims to determine the protein’s association with neuronal damage and inflammation in the brain.
Dr. Douville is committed to pursuing research that will translate into improved quality of life and care for patients with virus-associated brain disorders, like ALS and schizophrenia. By studying viruses incorporated into human DNA, she is discovering the complex way our bodies fight viruses and how these processes contribute to neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disease — a first step towards developing novel therapeutic strategies.
Dr. Kevin Walby, Criminal Justice
Awarded: April 2015
Dr. Walby is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice studying the corporate security within the three levels of government primarily using freedom of information requests and interviews.
As the Chancellor’s Research Chair he will investigate the establishment and operations of public sector corporate security units at three levels of government in Canada and the USA. The transfer of corporate security into government has never been the focus of research in Canada or in the USA. Municipal, provincial and state, and federal governments are now rethinking in-house security, which raises questions about security policy transfer from the private to the public sector. Since 2001, municipal corporate security (MCS) units have emerged as prominent features of local governments in 21 Canadian cities. MCS units are now responsible for a range of practices including asset protection, camera surveillance and policing of ‘nuisance’ conduct (e.g., littering, loitering, alcohol consumption) on public lands, as well as surveillance of municipal employees and citizens. MCS units are nominally public agencies, yet their principle knowledge and technology transfer partner is the international private security industry, specifically American Society for Industrial Security (ASIS) International. Provincial and federal government agencies are now establishing corporate security units too. How public sector corporate security units operate in security networks and how security policies for corporate security units have diffused across government in Canada and the USA remains unknown. This dearth of empirical research restricts academic understandings of: security, government, and crime control practices; the differences between private and public sector corporate security; the differences between public sector corporate security in Canada and the USA; and debates about security networks and consumption. It also restricts policymakers from engaging in informed discussion about public sector corporate security unit merits and accountability.
Dr. Bruno Silvestre, Business and Administration
Awarded: May 2014
Customers increasingly want products and services designed specifically for their needs, delivered quickly, for lower prices, and that are also sustainable (social, economic and environmental.) Yet this area has received little research attention.
Dr. Silvestre’s research project aims to answer the following key questions: How can supply chains effectively develop, implement and manage innovations? And how do these innovations impact supply chain sustainability (i.e., economic, environmental and social) performance?
This project will involve a systematic review of the literature on innovation, supply chain management and sustainability as well as in-person interviews and questionnaires with people in Manitoba’s aerospace, agriculture, construction and energy sectors. Students will be actively involved during the three year project.
Dr. Melanie Martin, Physics
Awarded: April 2013
Dr. Melanie Martin is working on ways to diagnose multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease earlier and with more certainty. As a person ages the brain shrinks, but the brain of someone with Alzheimer’s shrinks faster. Martin believes an area of the brain that shrinks rapidly with Alzheimer’s disease is the hippocampus, which is responsible for memory.
Martin is currently developing innovative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques to allow researchers to view the brain in real time and measure brain shrinkage. The hope is this technique will allow doctors to diagnose Alzheimer’s sooner and have an objective marker, namely brain shrinkage, to evaluate treatments.
Dr. Angela Failler, Sociology/Women’s and Gender Studies
Awarded: April 2012
Dr. Failler is leading a new Cultural Studies research team at UWinnipeg consisting of sixteen co-investigators who are faculty members from across the Humanities and Social Sciences. The team has launched a research project engaging with the developments of the Canadian Museum for Human Rights (CMHR).
Failler and her team will undertake a project that emerges out of a desire to contribute to the potential for the CMHR to serve as a meaningful site of cultural production, public dialogue, and pedagogical encounter in Winnipeg. The project will serve as a model for public-intellectual exchange and demonstrate the rich contribution of Cultural Studies scholarship in Canada to critical discussions of human rights and social justice on the national and international stage.
Failler currently holds a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Standard Research Grant (SRG) as Principal Investigator of a program entitled “Building Communities of Memory: Remembrance Practices After the 1985 Air India Bombings”, which theorizes the impact of the bombings on the national imagination in terms of how Canadians conceive of themselves, each other, and what it means to be Canadian - particularly in a post-9/11 culture of “war on terror.” The relevance of this research for the newly launched Cultural Studies project lies in its attention to how public engagement with representations of human loss and suffering can be used to foster a better understanding of the conditions necessary for promoting and protecting human rights and social justice.
Dr. Craig Willis, Biology
Awarded: July 2011
Dr. Craig Willis is an Associate Professor in Biology studying the ecology, behaviour, and physiology of wild mammals. He and his students conduct research about mammalian ecology and evolution, as well as applied conservation research that is important for understanding the impacts of climate change, industrial development, and habitat loss on wildlife. Recently the Willis lab has been part of the major international effort to understand a disease called White Nose Syndrome (WNS).
WNS was discovered in 2006; it has spread rapidly throughout eastern North America and recently into Ontario and Quebec. The disease is named for a white fungus (called Geomyces destructans) which grows on the exposed skin of the muzzles and wings of the bats. Little brown bats, one of the most common North American species, are the hardest hit. Current estimates predict local extinction for this species within 20 years of the arrival of WNS in an area. This is a crisis for bat conservation but also has wider consequences for ecosystems, forestry, and agriculture, given the role of bats as the primary consumers of night-flying insects. Recent estimates suggest that bats are worth billions of dollars annually for North American agriculture because of reduced crop damage and pesticide costs.
Dr. Willis holds multiple research grants from NSERC, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Canada Foundation for Innovation. These funds support field and laboratory studies to better understand precisely how Geomyces destructans is killing bats and to determine the potential for natural selection to help bat populations rebound from WNS in the future.